Projenin Adı: FÜNİKÜLER SİSTEMLER
Amaçlar: Sürekli ve çok miktarda elektrik tüketen füniküler sistemlerden elektrik üretmek, depolamak,kullanmak ve dışarı satmak.
GİRİŞ: Taksim-Kabataş füniküler sistemlerinde elektrik tüketimi fazladır ve günde çok fazla çalışır (yaklaşık 18 saat) bu süre içinde harcadığı elektrik günde 10.000 volt’dur. Bu elektrik devamlı elektrik harcayan bir evin 2.5 günlük elektriğine eşittir.Piezo elektrik kristalleri.piezoların ürettiği elektrik şöyle hesaplanır Türkiye’de ortalama insan kilosu 70 kg’dir.bir piezo elektrik kristali 50kg. basınç ile 30 volt elektrik üretir fakat amper 0.01’dir. 70 kg’lık. Bir insanda ise bu değer 42 volt + 0.01 amperdir. Bu füniküler metrosuna Bu da 30.000 kişide 1.260.000 volt alternatif elektriğe denk gelmektedir. Ki Taksim-Kadıköy metrosu hafta sonları 45.000 insan bu metroyu kullanır yani piezo elektrik kristalleri bu durumda üretilecek olan alternatif elektrik 1.890.000 volt olmaktadır. Haftada 5 gün 1.260.000 volt alternatif elektrik + 2 gün 1.890.000 volt alternatif elektrik toplamda 3.150.000 volt alternatif elektrik eder. Sadece piezo elektrik kristali projesinin 5 günde ürettiği alternatif elektrik , metroya 315 gün yetecek kadardır. Aynısı gibi gişe projesi ile de ortalama olarak 7.200.000 volt elektrik üretir. Bu üretilen elektrik ise 720 günlük elektrik üretir toplamda 1035 günlük elektriği bir haftada üretiriz.
SONUÇLAR VE TARTIŞMALAR:
Amperi yükseltmek zor bir iştir ve elektrik kaybına yol açar.
Isınma sonucunda performans kaybı yaşanabilir.
Isınma sonucunda maddelerin aşınması fazla olur.
NAME OF THE PROJECT: funicular railway systems of energy conversion
PURPOSE OF THE PROJECT:
Continuous and funicular systems that consume large amounts of electricity to produce electricity, store, use, and sell out.
SUMMARY: Kabatas funicular to Taksim systems, power consumption is a lot of work a day (approximately 18 hours) during this time 10 000 volts of electricity consumed per day. This is a continuous electrical power consuming 5.2 of a house eşittir.Piezo daily electricity electricity electricity produced is calculated as follows kristalleri.piezoların average human weight of 70 kg in Turkey. 50kg a piezo-electric crystal. pressure and 30 volts, but the amps generate electricity is 0.01. 70 kg. In humans, this value is a 42-volt + 0.01 Amps. This is an alternative to the funicular subway volt electricity, this corresponds to 1.26 million in the 30 000 people. Taksim-Kadikoy metro that 45 000 people on weekends, so it uses a piezo-electric crystals in the subway alternative electricity that will be produced in this case is 1.89 million volts. 5 days a week + 2 days 1.89 million 1.26 million volts alternating electric volts alternating electrical power is an alternative to total 3.15 million volts. Alternative electricity generated by piezo-electric crystal project only 5 days, 315 days enough to the metro. The same as the box-office project produces an average 7.2 million volts of electricity. It generates electricity in total electricity produced in 1035 and 720 days in a week-day produce electricity.
RESULTS AND DISCUSSIONS:
Amps raise the hard work, and leads to loss of power.
performance loss may occur as a result of warming.
As a result of warming will be more wear material.
Must pass each individual who wants to enter the subway box office. The aim of this project is the individuals that produce electric box office. Are put into tollbooths dynamo mechanism established to produce electricity. Here, to increase the electricity produced will be put into a resistance in the box office making it difficult to pass. Thus, people applying force through at least thirty pounds. On electricity produced at this level will increase. When we think of as the amount of electricity produced per weekday 4.5 million volts, 30 volts. 2.7 million volts of electricity produced at the weekend and a total of 7.2 million volts of electricity produced from 720-day power pruning metro covered.
Funicular systems that will connect to the wheel with two dynamo to generate electricity based on the project. Which is attached to the cylinder sayedinde two facing a giant dynamo, electricity is produced.
1.4 Technical information on the tunnel
Energy system, the system in the engine room from the outside-down transformer is 10,000 volts of alternating current, 380-volt transformer as the energy enters the control cabinet. The energy from the clipboard via star-delta switch 380 V-375 kW asynchronous motor runs.
Asynchronous motor 220 V-8 alternator converts kW. Voltage produced by the alternator goes to the electronic cards, these cards are translated into direct current power 277 kW 440 volt and 630 A Ward-Leonard system with a capacity of income. As an alternative to the current direct current traction motor system energy by passing the connected gear and flywheel in motion. Wagons, the system has two wagon is equipped with a heavy load carrier type pneumatic rubber tires, dual spark and double dingillidir. At one end of each two-axle wagons which direction the car guide wheel at the other end there is safety in case of tire burst is used as the metal wheel and the wheel is mounted on the brake system. There are 8 pieces of rubber tire vehicle, wagon wheels is that the burden. Tunnel way to concrete slabs of rubber wheels went Lonjin his part, wagons
determines the direction and the direction in which the two rail mounted side by side rails, rollers and tools drawn steel ropes directed energy system consists of carrying the catenary system. Lonjin, is floating on rubber wheels lonjinlerin, the system is designed as a portable way. 300x26x10 cm dimensions which constitute the path length of the plates is composed of concrete plates, the plates are mounted on the road studs, and if necessary the partial refresh operation can be quick. Steel wire ropes, steel wire ropes with the help of the wagons are pulled back and forth between two points. Ropes is 30mm in diameter, this diameter and consists of 104 pieces of steel wire braiding. Cable tensioning center; cables that may occur due to weather conditions by mental and material elongation and shortening, Karakoy station and the weight system at the end of the wire stretcher “Counterpoint center” are available. As a result of breakage or excessive elongation of the cable at the center by means of switches disposed of in an accident likely to frenlenerek
is, in the center of the cable tensioning operation is carried out with blocks weighing 34 tons. Guide wheels, axle-mounted guide wheels as double track along the way and laid side by side in the middle of two commuting copies of the rail route, prevented from causing the vehicle. 4.2 Safety equipment, air brake: For vehicles with air pressure in the fourth grid connecting metal wheels 4 replacement brake linings. This is a very effective brake in a vehicle by connecting 8 shows the effect of the wheel. Electric brake: service brake is used as a vehicle and keeping it at the station. Emergency Brake: car for use by passengers in front of the door on them, and in any event, is designed beg brake, the brake in the engine room (pull) the drive flywheel rope
shows the effect of stopping. In addition, in the event of rupture of the rope to stop the vehicle immediately, contact Sharon used the emergency brake current
Danışman Öğretmen : Gökhan Aldemir