PLURALISM AND CONFLICT: DISTRIBUTIVE JUSTICE BEYOND RAWLS AND CONSENSUS

PLURALISM AND CONFLICT: DISTRIBUTIVE JUSTICE BEYOND RAWLS AND CONSENSUS
June 6–8 2013

Following Rawls, the prevailing political thought aims at some form of consensus about justice. Rawls conceives of this as a consensus about an initial choice situation for principles of justice, as a rational consensus about which principles to choose, or as an “overlapping consensus”, which a pluralist society should reach with regard to the political conception of justice he proposes.

The idea of a consensus on justice was questionable from the beginning. For some theorists this was made evident through Robert Nozick’s strong disagreement with Rawls’s fundamental moral intuition that the inequalities of natural endowments are undeserved and call for social redress or compensation. Likewise, Rawls’s idea that individuals are equal as moral persons does not allow for a consensus. Going back to Aristotle, John Kekes argued that people who habitually harm others have a lower moral worth than people who habitually do good. In this case, isn’t Rawls’s rationalist creed that all persons should be convinced by the same arguments, and must therefore reach a rational consensus on principles of justice, highly questionable? In her systematic study of justice Dagmar Herwig showed, as early as 1984, that throughout the history of political philosophy there are irreconcilable conceptions of social and political justice. While egalitarians hold it is just to establish arithmetic, numeric or simple equality, non-egalitarians like Plato, Aristotle or Nietzsche conceive of a just distribution of goods as a distribution in proportion to existing inequalities. For non-egalitarians, it is just to allot equal shares only to equals, not to everyone.

The conference takes as its point of departure the well-researched conviction that there are fundamental disagreements about social and political justice. On the one hand, the conference strives for a more detailed comprehension of the various aspects of the irreconcilable pluralism of conceptions of justice. On the other hand, it investigates the reasons for the fundamental opposition of existing moral intuitions and conceptions of justice. Are these reasons social, cultural, psychological, historical, or even biological? One main focus of the conference will be the relation between conceptions of justice and images of humanity. Do the opposing conceptions of justice derive mainly from opposing anthropological convictions about the equality, or inequality, of men? Do the different understandings of human worth, or value, provide a key to comprehending the fundamental disagreements about social and political justice? In addressing these questions, the conference aims at a more adequate understanding of the concept of justice and the human sense of justice, which can be achieved beyond the idea of the consensus.

Registration

The registration fee of 100 USD covers three lunches and the final conference dinner. For students who want to participate in the conference the registration fee is reduced to $ 50. The registration fee should be payed in Turkish Liras at the start of the conference.

Program

Thursday, June 6

Plenary Session, 10:00–13:00, in A 306 (Mavi Salon), chair: Manuel Knoll (Fatih University)

10:00–10:30 Welcome speeches and introduction to the topic of the conference by Manuel Knoll
10:30–11:15 Harun Tepe (Hacettepe University), “Justice in Life and Philosophy: One Demand and Many Concepts”
11:15–12:00 Ulrich Steinvorth (Hamburg University), “On Irreconcilable Conceptions of Justice”
12:00–12:15 Tea/Coffee Break
12:15–13:00 Giovanni Giorgini (Bologna University), “Imagination and Conflict: After Stuart Hamshire”

Lunch 13:00–14:30

Parallel Panel I, 14:30–17:45, in A 351 (Kırmızı Salon), chair: Marc Rölli (Fatih University)

14:30–15:25 Maria Dimitrova (Sofia University), “Responsibility and Justice: Beyond Rawls’ Moral Egalitarianism and Rational Consensus”
15:35–16:30 Martin Rechenauer (Munich University), “Deontic Logic of Contractualist Ethics and Consensus”
16:30–16:50 Tea/Coffee Break
16:50–17:45 Kok-Chor Tan (University of Pennsylvania), “Injustice, Institutions and Personal Responsibility”

Parallel Panel II, 14:30–19:00, in A 306 (Mavi Salon), chair: Manuel Knoll (Fatih University)

14:30–15:25 Peter Koller (Graz University), “A Defense of the Difference Principle Beyond Rawls”
15:35–16:30 Michael Haus (Heidelberg University), “Beyond Rawls or Backwards to Political Romanticism? Walzer’s Contribution to the Theory of Justice”
16:30–16:50 Tea/Coffee Break
16:50–17:45 Lawrence Hatab (Old Dominion University), “The Dissonance of Justice: Nietzsche’s Will to Power and Politics”
17:45–18:00 Tea/Coffee Break
18:00–18:55 Jonathan Wolff (University College London), “Social Equality and Severe Disadvantage”

19:10 Busses depart from Fatih University to the Bosporus cruise and opening dinner

Friday, June 7

Panel 1: Rawls I, 10:00–12:30, in A 235, chair: David Butorac (Fatih University)

10:00–10:45 Matthew Jernberg (Boğaziçi University), “Introducing Public Reason”
10:45–11:30 Matej Cibik (Charles University, Prague), “Original Position and the Role of Intuitions in A Theory of Justice”
11:30–11:45 Tea/Coffee Break
11:45–12:30 Michal Rupniewski (University of Lodz), “The Legal Nature of an Overlapping Consensus: Reinterpreting Rawls’ Doctrine of Political Liberalism”
Panel 2, 10:00–12:30, in A 204, chair: Tahir Abbas (Fatih University)

10:00–10:45 Havva Neşe Özgen (Fatih University): “Changes in the Concept of Territory: New Ummah Rules Beyond EU and Turkey’s Southeast Borders on the Last Decade”
10:45–11:30 James D. Smith (i4 Advantage, LLC), “Conflict, Society, Justice: A Proposal for an Alternate View on Social Justice Development”
11:30–11:45 Tea/Coffee Break
11:45–12:30 Alexander L. Gungov (Sofia Univerity), “Justice as Fairness: Avoiding Coercion by a Self-Delusive Consensus”
Panel 3: Modus Vivendi/Conflictual Consensus, 10:00–12:30, in A 306 (Mavi Salon), chair: Manuel Knoll (Fatih University)

10:00–10:45 Ulrike Spohn (University of Münster), “From (Overlapping) Consensus to Modus Vivendi? A Critical Appraisal of Charles Taylor’s Approach to the Problem of Moral Pluralism”
10:45–11:30 Fabian Wendt (University of Hamburg), “Disagreement on Justice in Ideal Theory”
11:30–11:45 Tea/Coffee Break
11:45–12:30 Manon Westphal (University of Münster), “Pluralism and the Idea of a ‘Conflictual Consensus’”
Panel 4: International Distributive Justice, 10:00–11:45, in A 351(Kırmızı Salon), chair: Stephen Snyder (Fatih University)

10:00–10:45 Annette Förster (RWTH Aachen University), “Distributive Justice: Rawls and Beyond”
10:45–11:30 Bill Wringe (Bilkent University), “Global Collective Obligations, Just International Institutions and Pluralism”
11:30–11:45 Tea/Coffee Break

Lunch 12:30–14:00
Panel 5, 14:00–17:35, in A 351(Kırmızı Salon), chair: Rainer Brömer (Fatih University)

14:00–14:45 Aysel Demir (Aksaray University), “The Difference Principle and its Marxist Critique”
14:55–15:40 Sibel Kibar (Kastamonu University), “Absence of Exploitation as a Principle of Justice”
15:40–15:55 Tea/Coffee Break
15:55–16:40 Şengül Çelik (Fatih University), “How is it Possible to Have a Theory of Justice without a Theory of First Ownership?”
16:50–17:35 Alberto L. Siani (University of Münster), “Justice and the Privatisation of Human Nature: Hegel and Rawls”
Panel 6, 14:00–17:35, in A 235, chair: Vassil Anastassov (Fatih University)

14:00–14:45 Adina Preda (University of Limerick), “Are There Any Conflicting Rights?”
14:55–15:40 Tom Angier (University of St Andrews), “Liberal Virtues: An Aristotelian Critique”
15:40–15:55 Tea/Coffee Break
15:55–16:40 Tom Bailey (John Cabot University), “Rethinking Conflict and Consensus: Habermas and Rawls on Religion”
16:50–17:35 Stephen Snyder (Fatih University), “Conceptions of Justice and Changing Human Nature”
Panel 7, 14:00–17:35, in A 306 (Mavi Salon), chair: Lucas Thorpe (Boğaziçi University)

14:00–14:45 Anna Schriefl/ Simon Weber (Bonn University), “The Justification of Inequality: Plato and Aristotle on Distributing Political Rights”
14:55–15:40 Marc Rölli (Fatih University), “Pluralism and Power: Toward a Pragmatist Concept of Justice”
15:40–15:55 Tea/Coffee Break
15:55–16:40 Andrea Quitz (Friedrich-Alexander-Universität Erlangen-Nürnberg), “The Human Sense of Justice”
16:50–17:35 Angela Kallhoff (University of Vienna), “Environmental Justice: New Challenges for Theorizing Justice”
Panel 8: Adam Smith, 14:00–16:40, in A 204, chair: John Skorupski (University of St Andrews)

14:00–14:45 Lisa Herzog (Institut für Sozialphilosophie and Cluster “Normative Orders”), “Sympathy, Power, and Prudence: Toward a Smithian Theory of Predistribution”
14:55–15:40 Barry Stocker (Istanbul Technical University), “Statism and Distributive Injustice in The Wealth of Nations”
15:40–15:55 Tea/Coffee Break
15:55–16:40 Jeff Young (St Lawrence University), “Justice, Equity and Distribution in Adam Smith’s Moral Science of Economics”

Respondent: Chandran Kukathas (London School of Economics)

18:00 Busses depart from Fatih University to the Lodge of the Journalists and Writers Foundation at the Bosporus

Saturday, June 8

Panel 9: Rawls II, 10:00–12:30, in A 351(Kırmızı Salon), chair: Alexander L. Gungov (Sophia University)

10:00–10:45 Ezgi Sertler (Michigan State University), “The Question of Recognition and the Exclusion of the Actual”
10:45–11:30 Meysam Badamchi (Istanbul Şehir University), “The Relevance of Political Constructivism for Non-Western Societies”
11:30–11:45 Tea/Coffee Break
11:45–12:30 Nurdane Şimşek (Fatih University), “Does Rawls’s First Principle of Justice Allow for Consensus?”
Panel 10: Personhood, 10:00–12:30, in A 235, chair: Manuel Knoll (Fatih University)

10:00–10:45 Peter Caven (The University of Sheffield), “Keeping Pluralism Reasonable: Political Liberalism Meets Moral Psychology”
10:45–11:30 Chong-Ming Lim (National University of Singapore), “Different Persons: Linking Personhood and Justice in Rawls and Nussbaum”
11:30–11:45 Tea/Coffee Break
Panel 11, 10:00–12:30, in A 306 (Mavi Salon), chair: Stephen Snyder (Fatih University)

10:00–10:45 Chris Wheatley (Liverpool University), “Pluralism: Unity Through Justice”
10:45–11:30 Phillip Roth (Munich School of Political Science), “The Psychological Sources of Law and the Notion of Justice in Accordance to ‘Order of Rank’ in Nietzsche”
11:30–11:45 Tea/Coffee Break
11:45–12:30 Joshua Preiss (Minnesota State University), “Comparative Justice and the Idea of Personal Responsibility”
Panel 12: Recognition/Respect, 10:00–12:30, in A 204, chair: Lucie Tunkrová (Fatih University)

10:00–10:45 Pınar Karaoğlu (Université Paris Ouest Nanterre La Défense), “Inequality and the Experience of Injustice: Axel Honneth’s Plural Conception of Justice”
10:45–11:30 Steffen Neumann (University of Victoria), “(Status) Models of Recognition: Towards Analytical Advantages and Disadvantages of Nancy Fraser’s and Iris Young’s Understanding of Social Justice”
11:30–11:45 Tea/Coffee Break
11:45–12:30 Elena Irrera (Bologna University), “The Second Person Standpoint and Minority Issues. A Matter of Equal Respect”

Lunch 12:30–14:00
Parallel Panel III, 14:00–18:25, in A 351(Kırmızı Salon), chair: Stephen Snyder (Fatih University)

14:00–14:55 Barry Stocker (Istanbul Technical University), ”Political Judgment and Economic Distribution in Arendt. Renewing Athenian Republicanism”
15:05–16:00 Eckart Schütrumpf (University of Colorado at Boulder), “How Are Claims Awarded? An Important Role for Justice in Aristotle”
16:00–16:20 Tea/Coffee Break
16:20–17:15 Francisco L. Lisi (Carlos III University Madrid), “Citizenship, Justice and Natural Law in Aristotle’s Practical Philosophy”
17:15–17:30 Tea/Coffee Break
17:30–18:25 John-Stewart Gordon (Cologne University), “On the Origins of Justice and the Pluralism-Objection”
Parallel Panel IV, 14:00–18:25, in A 306 (Mavi Salon), chair: Manuel Knoll (Fatih University)

14:00–14:55 John Skorupski (University of St Andrews), “Justice: The Right, the Good and the Ideal”
15:05–16:00 Angelika Krebs (Basel University), “Natural Justice”
16:00–16:20 Tea/Coffee Break
16:20–17:15 Christoph Horn (Bonn University), “Some Semantical Observations and their importance for a Theory of Justice”
17:15–17:30 Tea/Coffee Break
17:30–18:25 Chandran Kukathas (London School of Economics), “Much Ado About Justice”

18:30–18:45 Final Declaration

19:00 Busses depart from Fatih University to the final dinner in Alarga Balık Restaurant (http://www.alargabalik.com/) in Florya

Organizers/Contact

Prof. Dr. Manuel Andreas Knoll ([email protected])
Assist. Prof. Stephen Snyder ([email protected])
Nurdane Şimşek, M.A. ([email protected]), Department of Philosophy, Fatih University.

Abant Platform: www.abantplatform.org.

Contact: [email protected]

CEVAP VER

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